Guyana hindu

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Guyana – amtlich Kooperative Republik Guyana ([guˈjaːna], englisch Co-​operative Republic 1,1 % Zeugen Jehovas; 17,9 % andere Christen. 28,8 % Hindus; 7,3 % Muslime; 4,3 % Atheisten; 0,5 % Rastafaris; 0,1 % Bahai; 1,3 % andere. Guyana Hindu Dharmic Sabha, Prashad Nagar, Guyana. Gefällt Mal. Guyana Hindu Dharmic Sabha. We welcome with this uplifiting Kirtan by Pandit Jagmohan Persaud and singers of the Guyana Hindu Dharmic Sabha, Sookrane Boodhoo, Rekha Singh,​. Festlichkeit meine Rede in Hindostani zu halten. Der Religion nach sind die meisten Inder Hindus- In Britisch-. Guayana zählte der Zensus von unter "Hindus in Indien sind zu modern": Die kreative Neuerfindung und Wiederentdeckung von Hindu-Traditionen in Guyana. matices - Zeitschrift zu.

Guyana hindu

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Much of Guyanan Hindus' folklore springs from their religious and racial background. The majority of Hindus came from the Gangetic Plain, which produced the great religious heroes of India, such as Rama, Krishna, and Mahavira.

It was this area that was the scene of the great Asian Indian epics, such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. All the major Hindu festivals are celebrated by Guyanan Hindus throughout the year.

At the end of October is the religious festival of lights, Divali, which celebrates the return of Lord Rama after 14 years in exile.

There are also Bhagwats, remarkable socioreligious activities centered on the reading of a sacred text by the Brahmins, usually the Shrima Bhaga Vata Purama.

These events span 7, 9, or 14 days and involve a variety of rites and massive communal meals with hundreds of participants.

The Hindus are often joined by Christians and Muslims who travel from all over the country to take part. Religious activities also include Pujas, which mark special occasions like birthdays or anniversaries, and a pundit is hired to perform the necessary Sanskrit rites over a weekend.

No fish or meat must be eaten in the house before a religious function takes place. Even the refrigerator must be emptied for the occasion. A great part of Guyanan Hindus' recreational activity reflects their tolerant acceptance of other religions and is based upon the festivities that accompany Hindu, Muslim, and Christian holidays, such as Christmas, the end of Ramadan, and in early March Phagwah, the Hindu New Year , a joyous celebration that celebrates the triumph of good over evil and is noted for the energetic throwing of perfume and water.

Easter Monday is also a traditional day for flying kites. Republic Day, on February 23, is the day the president reports to the nation and is a day for much street marching.

Once a year, most Hindus try to have a grand puja, or Ramayana Yagna, an event where the entire community is invited to participate. Ramayana is an ancient epic tale consisting in more than 24, verses that narrate the adventure of Rama, whose wife Sita is abducted by the demon.

The characters of Rama and Sita among others are all fundamental to the cultural consciousness of India and the Hindus in general.

Baptism is common among the Hindus, who attend Christian churches while maintaining their participation in their own religious rituals. Many of the names that they confer on their children reflect the epic heroes of their culture, such as Rama, Krishna, etc.

The familiar Hindu caste system is a highly localized phenomenon in the villages of India. There-fore, when low-caste Hindus and twice-born Brahmins were thrown together on board ships to become jahagis shipmates on the sailing boats from India to Guyana in the 19th century, that system soon became irrelevant.

In this sense, it is possible to assess that Hinduism in Guyana was redefined. Brahmins played an important role in reforming and, at the same time, maintaining the strength of the religion they served.

Brahmins administered spiritual rites to all Hindus and were the roadblock that could contain the Christian missionaries' attempts of converting the East Indians into Catholics during the 19th century.

During the first half of the 20th century, Hindu conversions to Christianity slowed down because the status of Hinduism improved and the discrimination against Hindus diminished.

Today, there is more or less only one common caste for all Hindus in Guyana, although Brahmins do retain their special religious role in interpreting the sacred knowledge of the rituals and Sanskrit texts.

Anyone visiting a friend or acquaintance at their home address is expected to call upon everyone else that they know within that neighborhood.

Not to do so is considered extremely rude. Open hospitality is a great feature of Hindu life in Guyana, and no visit can be completed without the offer of a meal or refreshment.

Hindu homes are provided with a small place to pray, which is usually located at the front of the home.

It is common among Hindus to dedicate time for singing, meditation, and—if their daily activities allow it—to go to the temple.

Standards of health care declined after Guyanan independence, when many doctors and trained medical personnel emigrated. Years of economic austerity programs led to reduced supplies of medicine and equipment.

Food shortages led to widespread malnutrition, particularly during the s. Some , Guyanans, out of a population of ,, live in Georgetown, the capital.

Many of the houses in the center of the city are made of wood. Many Guyanan Hindus live in small villages and towns along the coast.

The houses are built of wood with tin roofs and are constructed on stilts 2. During the s and s, the government under Burnham was determined to undermine the rural opposition of the Asian Indian small farmers and so developed a series of farming cooperative policies.

As a result, rice production was cut by half, after the farmers lost their subsidies. Guyana is one of the poorest countries in the world and relies heavily on its self-sufficiency in food.

Resulting food shortages led to increased malnutrition and the return of diseases that were formerly under control, such as beriberi and malaria.

The economy was also badly hit by the depressed world demand for bauxite and sugar. This has led to a near breakdown in essential public services, such as electricity.

Ethnic identity continues to be important within daily life. The mother- and grandmother-dominated family among Afro-Guyanese differs from the father-oriented Asian Indian family.

The extended family is still typical among Hindus, although the European nuclear pattern is becoming popular. Upon marriage, the son is expected to take his bride and live for some time with his parents.

This is because it is the duty of the parents to guide the children through the early days of marriage.

Then, by the sixth or seventh year the son will have set up his own household with his wife and children. Because the caste system has virtually disappeared in Guyana, few fathers of high status would pass up the opportunity for their child to marry into a wealthy, established family because of considerations of caste.

The arranged marriage is also not as widespread as it once was, and in urban areas it is almost non-existent. A skirt and blouse is the popular form of clothing for women, but the sari is being increasingly worn by Hindu women.

For Hindu men it is the kurta shirt or the dhoti one-piece trousers. Asian Indian food is very popular throughout Guyana. Curry and dal have become part of everyday life for the whole population.

Dal is often flavored by the addition of spices cooked in oil. Hindus in the country serve the food on lotus or banana leaves.

Vegetables, such as pumpkin and eggplant, make up the main part of the diet, although fish is often eaten. Fish are often caught in the ditches and dikes by women using seine nets.

Children receive free, compulsory education. The government assumed full control of education in and took over Church-run and private primary schools.

Because of economic decline, physical facilities have deteriorated in schools, books and supplies are limited, and there are few qualified teachers.

During the time of the People's National Congress PNC government, education became highly politicized, and teachers were expected to teach loyalty to both the PNC and to socialist objectives.

The principal university is the University of Georgetown at Turkeyeen, in the eastern part of the capital, but many Hindus seek training and higher education abroad.

Post-independent Guyana still bears the imprint of its colonial heritage, and many people still look towards European values.

But Hindus keep a strong link with their ancient roots and for many, the cinema provides that link, showing the great epics, such as the story of Lord Rama's long year exile.

For them it bears many echoes of their own past, reflecting their exile from India. Young Hindus, too, are rediscovering their culture, through the religious fables as well as through the traditional music played at weddings and festivals.

One of the best known Hindu writers is Dr. David Dabydeen , whose works cover his experiences both in Guyana and Britain. His latest novel is The Counting House.

Another popular author is Rooplall Monar. The domestic economy of Guyana reflects the ethnic divisions of the country.

Hindu families control most small businesses, such as small farms and shops. In fact, the Hindus are the mainstay of the plantation agriculture of rice and sugar.

Meanwhile, the Africans dominate the government sector and security forces. An increasing number of Hindus are entering the legal and medical professions.

Wages for most people, however, are low, and many Hindus depend on overseas remittances from relatives abroad to survive. Most people work at more than one job.

Those with farms will often take on part-time unskilled and semiskilled jobs between sowing and harvest times.

Many Hindus, including skilled and professional people, emigrated annually in large numbers to flee what they felt to be political persecution under the previous African-dominated government.

This emigration has been a great drain on Guyana's human resources. At the same time, others have sought part time work in western Suriname.

Hindus share the Guyanese passion for cricket—a passion that is prevalent throughout the English-speaking Caribbean.

The game is one of the few unifying factors in the country, overcoming racial divisions. It has been said, however, that cricket in Guyana is totally unlike the game as it is played in England.

In Guyana it has more of the passionate atmosphere of a bullfight in Spain, galvanizing the people's national self-esteem. The sport plays a special role in the historical, social, and cultural development of the country.

By playing host in Georgetown to International Test Cricket Matches against other countries within the British Commonwealth, the people of Guyana have the opportunity to demonstrate their abilities on the international scene, and to make a symbolic gesture against their oppressive colonial legacy.

The Hindus did not come into the game at Test Match level until the s. There are a number of great Hindu players, however, who have been selected for the West Indies team, including Rohan Kanhai and Neville Kalicharan.

In the villages outside Georgetown, street cricket is played with a sponge ball, and the pitch is a coconut mat laid out on the ground.

Even during the rainy seasons, young players can be seen standing thigh-deep in water around a mat laid on the only piece of high, dry ground in a field.

Popular culture is as mixed as the various ethnic groups who live in Guyana. Georgetown offers a wide mix of museums and art galleries , and for the young people there are discos.

A favorite kind of music among both Hindu and Afro-Guyanese is something called chutney, a hot, spicy mixture of traditional Hindu music and rock music.

The cinema still plays a large part in the lives of older people, and the favorite films among Hindus are those that are imported from India, depicting the great epics such as the story of Lord Rama.

The young are also turning more and more to the traditional Asian Indian songs and dances in their search for their artistic roots. Many of the Guyanan Hindu folk arts and crafts are entwined with the Hindu fables and festivals.

Race has been a divisive issue in Guyana, with the Hindus accusing the Africans of racism and repression during the 28 years of rule by the People's National Congress party, during which they claimed that Hindu villages were attacked and plundered by security forces.

The Africans dominate the Guyana Defense Force and the police. Street crime and violence are particularly notorious in Georgetown. Community police have now been introduced by the government into the city to try to retake control of the streets.

The new government has also announced its intention of introducing structural changes "with a human face" and aims to alleviate poverty through a basic-needs strategy.

It also intends to increase foreign and local investment, production, and exports. Cheddi Jagan has promised a "lean and clean" government and is determined to end racial discrimination.

Indo-Guyanese women play a significant role as farmers, market vendors, teachers, nurses, civil servants, and clerks, as well as doing housework.

Indian families are patriarchal and often function as corporate economic units, thus Indo-Guyanese women continue to fulfill traditional roles of wife, mother, and homemaker.

Until the s, Indians tended to resist educating girls, but the example of other groups and the emergence of an Indian middle class, have led to a changed attitude.

In , Subadri Lall was the first to qualify for matriculation to attend the University of London , establishing a unique record for local girls.

While many Indo-Guyanese women, especially among the working poor, have not attended school, they work to maintain their families and to send their children to school.

At this tense and volatile time in our beloved country, we must do everything possible to promote peace, respect and love among all. It is the responsibility of every Guyanese to work together to improve relations and prevent the recurrence of such devastating incidents.

The Guyana Hindu Dharmic Sabha calls on the political leaders to be positive examples for our country, and to work to restore peace and calm to our country.

Our prayers are with all those affected during this difficult time. Home Entertainment Environment Advertise Contact.

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